Research article
Issue: № 4 (16), 2020


Creation of high quality diesel fuels for internal combustion engines that meet stringent operational and environmental requirements is currently an urgent task. The most rational way to improve the performance characteristics of diesel fuel, its environmental properties, as well as to reduce losses during its storage, is to use polyfunctional additives. Requirements for the structure of polyfunctional additives are formulated. It is shown that their stabilizing and protective effects are the higher, the greater the value of the dipole moment and total electron density on heteroatoms. Amides and esters of higher aliphatic acids, synthesized from renewable diesel raw materials, as well as molecules of azo compounds including aromatic fragments and electron-donating functional groups, are promising multifunctional additives to diesel fuel.

Full text is available in pdf only


  • Mitusova T.N. Sovremennoe sostoyanie proizvodstva prisadok k dizel'nym toplivam. Trebovaniya k kachestvu [The current state of the production of diesel fuel additives. Quality requirements] / T.N. Mitusova // World of oil products. – 2009. – № 9-10. – P. 10-16. [in Russian]

  • GOST ISO 12156-1-2006. Toplivo dizel'noe opredelenie smazyvayushchej sposobnosti na apparate HFRR. CHast' 1. Metod ispytanij [GOST ISO 12156-1-2006. Diesel fuel determination of lubricity on the HFRR apparatus. Part 1. Test method]. – M.: Standartinform, 2006. – 17 p. [in Russian]

  • Gureev A.A. Kvalifikacionnye metody ispytanij neftyanyh topliv [Qualification methods of testing oil fuels] / A.A. Gureev, E.P. Seregin, V.S. Azev. – M.: Chemistry, 1984. – 200 p. [in Russian]

  • Danilov A.M. Primenenie prisadok v toplivah [Application of additives in fuels] / A.M. Danilov. – SPb.: Himizdat, 2010. – 368 p. [in Russian]

  • Danilov A.M. Prisadki k toplivam kak reshenie himmotologicheskih problem [Additives to fuels as a solution to chemical problems] / A.M. Danilov // Chemistry and technology of fuels and oils, 2014. – № 5 (585). – P. 31-35. [in Russian]

  • Mitusova T.N. Sovremennye dizel'nye topliva i prisadki k nim [Modern diesel fuels and additives to them] / T.N. Mitusova, E.V. Polina, M.V. Kalinin. – M.: Tekhnika, LLC "Tuma Group", 2002. – 64 p. [in Russian]

  • Danilov A.M. Sovremennoe sostoyanie proizvodstva i primeneniya prisadok pri vyrabotke dizel'nyh topliv Evro-3, 4, 5 [The current state of production and use of additives in the production of diesel fuels Euro-3, 4, 5] / A.M. Danilov. – M.: Sputnik, 2009. – 27 p. [in Russian]

  • Bezyukov O.K. Sovremennye prisadki k dizel'nomu toplivu [Modern additives to diesel fuel] / О.К. Bezyukov, V.A. Zhukov, M.M. Maad // Bulletin of the Astrakhan State Technical University. – 2016. – № 1 (61). – P. 28-31. [in Russian]

  • Romantsova S.V. Sintez polifunkcional'nyh prisadok dlya dizel'nogo i biodizel'nogo topliva [Synthesis of polyfunctional additives for diesel and biodiesel fuel] / S.V. Romantsova // Science in Central Russia. – 2013. – № 3. – P. 26-30. [in Russian]

  • Romantsova S.V. Poluchenie prisadok dlya dizel'nogo topliva, ispol'zuemogo v sel'skom hozyajstve [Obtaining additives for diesel fuel used in agriculture] / S.V. Romantsova, B.T. Alibaev, A. Yu. Kornev, S.A. Nagornov // Science in Central Russia. – 2017. – №. 1 (25). – P. 54-62. [in Russian]