Research article
Issue: № 5 (25), 2022


Microbial communities of soils carry out the most important ecosystem processes of the cycle of biogenic elements, which causes an ever-growing interest in the study of their activity and diversity. One of these processes is nitrification, as a result of which plants receive nitrogen in an accessible form. In laboratory experiments with soil microcosms of sod-podzolic agrosoil, the stimulating effect of lanthanum on the nitrification process was established. The addition of lanthanum salt stimulated the potential nitrifying activity, and after 19–24 days the nitrate nitrogen content was 24–30% higher compared to the lanthanum-free variant. For the first time, using high throughput 16S rRNA sequencing, it was found that the introduction of lanthanum salts reduces the taxonomic diversity of the bacterial community of the soil and leads to significant changes in its structure. A decrease in the relative content of gram-positive bacteria of Actinobacteria and Firmicutes was noted in the microbial community of soils, while the proportion of Proteobacteria increased. The results obtained require further studies of the mechanisms of the influence of lanthanum on the microbial processes of ammonium oxidation in the soil and ways of their regulation. The data can be used to determine effective and safe doses of ammonium fertilizers and lanthanum-containing micronutrients in the conduct of modern environmentally oriented agriculture in central Russia.

Full text is available in pdf only


  • Kotel'nikova A.D. Lantanoidy v pochve: postuplenie, soderzhanie, vliyanie na rasteniya, genotoksichnost' (obzor) [Lanthanides in the soil: routes of entry, content, effect on plants, and genotoxicity (a Review)] / A.D. Kotel'nikova, O.B. Rogova, V.V. Stolbova // Pochvovedenie [Eurasian Soil Sc.]. – 2021. – № 1. – pp. 100–119. DOI: 10.1134/s1064229321010051 [in Russian]

  • Pang X. Application of rare earth elements in the agriculture of China and its environmental behavior in soil / X. Pang, D.C. Li, A. Peng // Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. – 2002. – № 9. – pp. 143–148. DOI: 10.1007/BF02987462

  • Chimitdorzhieva I.B. Vliyanie lantana na ekologicheskuyu ustojchivost' ammonifiruyushchih i nitrificiruyushchih mikroorganizmov v usloviyah in vitro i ih biologicheskuyu aktivnost' v vegetacionnyh opytah [The influence of lanthanum on the ecological stability of ammonifying and nitrifying microorganisms in vitro and their biological activity in vegetation experiments] / I.B. Chimitdorzhieva, N.E. Abasheev, V.C. Cydypov // Agrohimiya [Agrochemistry]. – 2008. – pp. 60–64 [in Russian]

  • Dabah E.V. Redkozemel'nye elementy v pochvah prirodnyh i tekhnogennyh landshaftov Kirovskoj oblasti [Rare earth elements in soil of natural and technogenic landscapes of Kirov] / E.V. Dabah // Teoreticheskaya i prikladnaya ekologiya [Theoretical and Applied Ecology]. –2016. – № 3. – pp. 56–67 [in Russian]

  • Hu Y. Influence of lanthanum on microbial biomass C, P and C and P-cycling enzyme activities in tea garden soil / Y. Hu, X. Shu, J. He et al. // Arch. Agronomy. Soil Sc. – 2016. – № 63. – pp. 700–709. DOI: 10.1080/03650340.2016.1235266.

  • Cui X. Long-term combined application of manure and chemical fertilizer sustained higher nutrient status and rhizospheric bacterial diversity in reddish paddy soil of Central South China / X. Cui, Y. Zhang, F. Gao Peng et al. // J. Sci. Rep. – 2018 – № 8. – P. 16554. DOI: 10.1038/s41598–018–34685–0.

  • Chistoserdova L. Lanthanides: New life metals? / L. Chistoserdova // World J. Microbiol. Biotechnol. – 2016. – № 32(8). – P. 138. DOI: 10.1007/s11274–016–2088–2.

  • Featherston E.R. The biochemistry of lanthanide acquisition, trafficking, and utilization / E.R. Featherston, J.A. Cotruvo // Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) – Molecular Cell Research – 2021. – №1868(1). – P.118864. DOI: 10.1016/j.bbamcr.2020.118864.

  • Astajkina A.A. Vliyanie pesticidnoj nagruzki na mikrobnoe soobshchestvo agrodernovo-podzolistoj pochvy [The impact of pesticides on the microbial community of agrosoddy-podzolic soil] / A.A. Astajkina, R.A. Streleckij, M.N. Maslov et al. // Pochvovedenie [Eurasian Soil Sc.]. – 2020. – № 5. – pp. 639–650. DOI: 10.31857/S0032180X20050032 [in Russian]

  • Ivanova E.A. Struktura mikrobnogo soobshchestva agregatov chernozema tipichnogo v usloviyah kontrastnyh variantov sel'skohozyajstvennogo ispol'zovaniya [The structure of microbial community in aggregates of a typical chernosem aggregates under contrasting variants of its agricultural use] / E.A. Ivanova, O.V. Kutovaya, A.K. Thakahova et al. // Pochvovedenie [Eurasian Soil Sc.]. – 2015. – № 11. – pp. 1367–1382. DOI: 10.31857/S0032180X20050032 [in Russian]