GIS–BASED TERRAIN MORPHOMETRIC ANALYSIS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING TASKS

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K.Yu. Maksimovich
L.V. Garafutdinova

Abstract

The article results the terrain morphometric analysis of the territory near the city of Novosibirsk, that is used to study the biodiversity of species and find the features of their spatial distribution, depending on the emerging conditions of agrocenoses and the features of the terrain. A detailed morphometric analysis of the area covered by the work sites was performed using Quantum GIS and Earth remote sensing. The terrain morphometric analysis was performed using digital modeling methods, which made it possible to characterize the study area by quantitative indicators for the purposes of environmental monitoring. The results of the analysis demonstrate that the study area is represented by flat with troughs, with low soil erosion and steepness of the slope from 0–3°. It is revealed that the study area is of the plateau and weakly sloping type, rugged with linear erosion forms. The working sites are mainly located on the prevailing 0–3° slopes. The soil covering is predominantly leached chernozem, which accounts for 87.1% of the total territory of the study area. Northern and eastern exposition slopes prevail, they account for 19.8 and 22.4% of the total area. The territory is attributed to the plain with poorly broken terrain, where the dissection by erosion forms is less than 0.2 km/km2, and the vertical terrain dissection varies from 0 to 8 m. Based on the terrain morphometric analysis, there is a high degree of similarity of the studied areas, with pronounced erosion processes caused by water runoff, flowing on the plots with spring wheat crops. As a result of the terrain analysis, ecological niches obtained informative, ecologically interpretable parameters that can be used in further studies of the spatial distribution of herpetobiont invertebrates, given their biotopic confinement and hygropreferendum.

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