FEATURES OF THE TOXIC EFFECT OF SOME MACROMYCETE FUNGI OF THE BIRSKY DISTRICT OF THE REPUBLIC OF BASHKORTOSTAN

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N.N. Minina
N.V. Maslova

Abstract

The article provides an overview of the most common poisonous mushrooms of the Republic of Bashkortostan, characterizes their toxins and toxin –induced syndromes. The toxicity of poisonous fungi (Amanita phalloides (Vaill. ex Fr.) Link, Amanita muscaria (L. ex Fr.) Hook., Hygrophoropsis aurantiaca (Wulfen) Maire) collected on the territory of the Birsky district of the Republic of Bashkortostan during the growing season of 2020 has been studied. To control the experiment, we took the fruit bodies of edible mushroom species Paxillus atromentosus (Batsch: Fr.) Fr. and Suillus grevillei (Klotzsch) Singer. When studying the toxicity of these types of fungi, the test object was a test culture of Paramecium caudatum. It has been shown that fungi containing toxic peptides that determine the phalloid syndrome exhibit a strong toxic effect in relation to the culture of Paramecium caudatum, toxins causing cholinergic syndrome are characterized by a toxic effect in relation to the test culture. Toxins that cause atropine and hallucinetory syndrome are characterized by a slightly toxic effect in relation to the test culture. The results of the conducted studies can be used to make an etiological diagnosis in toxicology for poisoning with poisonous mushrooms.

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