Main Article Content
Currently, the improved performance of renewable energy sources triggered their increased application. In most cases, however, they are combined with a centralized power supply. Therefore, power production from multiple sources and power consumption requires efficient coordination. A solution may be Smart Grid Technology. It allows improving efficiency, reliability, and stability of electricity generation and distribution under certain economic benefits. The study objective was to assess the practicability of establishing a smart grid on large-scale dairy farms with above 1000 cow stock. The study was based on the electricity consumption data obtained on the modern dairy farms in the Leningrad Region, Russia, associated with the electricity inputs, the energy distribution scheme on a dairy farm and the use of transformer substations. The conceptual scheme of the smart grid for a dairy farm was developed. The factors for assessing the local electricity generation resources were considered including a proposed comprehensive environmental indicator, which takes into account the volume of pollutants produced and the degree of their negative impact on the environment. The study verified the principal possibility and feasibility of establishing a smart grid for large dairy farms.
2. Andren F., Strasser T., Kastner W. 2017. Engineering Smart Grids: Applying Model-Driven Development from Use Case Design to Deployment. Energies. V. 10, No. 3.
3. Bappah, M., Bradna, J., Velebil, J. and Malatak J. 2019. The potential of energy recovery from by–products of small agricultural farms in Nigeria. Agronomy Research 17(6), 2180–2186. doi:10.15159/AR.19.165
4. Bigerna S., Bollino C. A., Micheli S. 2016. Socio-economic acceptability for smart grid development - a comprehensive review. Journal of Cleaner Production. V. 131, p. 399–409.
5. Chhaya L. K., Sharma P., Kumar A., Bhagwatikar G. 2018. Cross Layer Optimization and Simulation of Smart Grid Home Area Network. Modeling and Simulation in Engineering. 14 p.
6. Collotta M. and Tomasoni G. 2017. The economic sustainability of small–scale biogas plants in the Italian context: the case of the cover slab technology. Agronomy Research 15(2), 376–387.
7. Dubrovskis, V. and Plume, I. 2017. Biogas from wastes of pumpkin, marrow and apple. Agronomy Research 15(1), 069–078.
8. Mikkola, H. J. and Ahokas, J. 2011. Renewable energy from agro biomass. Agronomy Research. Biosystem Engineering Special Issue 1, 159-164.
9. Rehmani M. H., Reisslein M., Rachedi A., Erol K. M., Radenkovic M. 2018. Integrating Renewable Energy Resources into the Smart Grid: Recent Developments in Information and Communication Technologies. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics (99). PP. 1-1. 10.1109/TII.2018.2819169.
10. Rugele, K., Bumanis, G., Mezule, L., Juhna, T. and Bajare, D. 2015. Application of industrial wastes in renewable energy production. Agronomy Research 13 (2), 526–532.
11. Subbotin I.A., Briukhanov A.Yu., Timofeev E.V., Erk A.F. Energy and Environment Assessment of Agricultural Application of Power Generating Sources. Inzhenernyye tekhnologii i sistemy = Engineering Technologies and Systems. 2019; 29(3):366-382. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15507/2658-4123.029.201903.366-382
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.