Promoting Environmental Protection through More Information on Car Label: Directive 1999/94/EC

Main Article Content

CAI MING JUN

Abstract

In this article the author highlights that due attention has to be paid to environmental problems. First and foremost, among the most convincing causes, one should be stressed, that is automotive industry. After stating some ways to  reduce carbon dioxide emission, the author analyzed the advantages and disadvantages of Directive 1999/94/EC, which is effective in promoting consumers awareness of fuel economy and CO2 emissions of passenger cars. Based on the role of car label, the author gave some suggestions to update the Directive.

Article Details

How to Cite
JUN, CAI MING. Promoting Environmental Protection through More Information on Car Label: Directive 1999/94/EC. Journal of Agriculture and Environment, [S.l.], n. 3 (11), sep. 2019. ISSN 2564-890X. Available at: <http://jae.cifra.science/article/view/163>. Date accessed: 16 dec. 2019. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.23649/jae.2019.3.11.6.
Section
Environmental science
References
1.Achtnicht M. German car buyers' willingness to pay to reduce CO2 emissions // Climatic Change. – 2012. – № 113 (3-4) – P. 679-697.
2.Adamson K.-A. An examination of consumer demand in the secondary niche market for fuel cell vehicles in Europe // International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. – 2003. – № 28 (7) – P. 771-780.
3.Aleksandrov I.A. The basic tendencies of development of the world motor industry in modern conditions // International scientific bulletin. – 2013. – № 2– P. 327-340.
4.Anable J., Lane B., Bank N. Car buyer survey: From ?mpg paradox’ to ?mpg mirage’: How car purchasers are missing a trick when choosing new and used cars, Research conducted on behalf of the Low Carbon Vehicle Partnership. Available at:
file:///C:/Users/94384/AppData/Local/Packages/Microsoft.MicrosoftEdge_8wekyb3d8bbwe/TempState/Downloads/Car_Buyer_Report_2008_Final_Report%20(1).pdf
5.Bamberg S. Is a residential relocation a good opportunity to change people’s travel behavior? Results from a theory-driven intervention study // Environment and Behaviour.– 2006. – № 38(6)– P. 820-840.
6.Barr S., Coles T., Shaw G. Changing behaviours for a changing climate: a lifestyles approach. Exeter, UK. Available at:
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/265154282_Changing_Behaviours_for_a_Changing_Climate_a_lifestyles_approach
7.BEUC (2017). MAKING CLEAN CARS WORK FOR ALL CONSUMERS: BEUC position on a European approach to reducing car emissions between 2020 and 2030. Available at:
https://www.beuc.eu/publications/beuc-x-2017-041_cca_european_approach_reducing_car_emissions_between_2020_2030.pdf
8.Bibbings J. Climate concern: attitudes to climate change and windfarms in Wales. Cardiff: Welsh Consumer Council. Available at:
https://friendsoftheearth.uk/sites/default/files/downloads/climate_concern.pdf
9.Blake J. Overcoming the ?Value-Action Gap’ in Environmental Policy: Tensions between national policy and local experience // Local Environment. – 1999. – № 4(3)– P. 257-278.
10.Cannon J.S., Sperling D. Reducing Climate Impacts in the Transportation Sector. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands. European Commission; DG Climate Action. Available at: https://ec.europa.eu/info/sites/info/files/report_car_labelling_en.pdf
11.Codagnone C., Bogliacino F., Veltri, G. Testing CO2/car labelling options and consumer information. Available at:
https://ec.europa.eu/info/sites/info/files/report_car_labelling_en.pdf
12.Flamm B. The impacts of environmental knowledge and attitudes of vehicle ownership and use // Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment. – 2009. – № 14(4) – P. 272-279.
13.European Commission (2011). Report on the implementation of Directive 1999/94/EC relating to the availability of consumer information on fuel economy and CO2 emissions in respect of the marketing of new passenger cars. Available at:
https://ec.europa.eu/clima/sites/clima/files/transport/vehicles/labelling/docs/final_report_2012_en.pdf
14.Fujii S., Garling T., Kitamura R. Changes in drivers’ perceptions and use of public transport during a freeway closure: effects of temporary structural change on cooperation in a real-life social dilemma // Environment and Behaviour. – 2001. – № 33(6) – P. 796–808.
15.Hartman D. The Effects of Cars on the Economy. Available at: https://bizfluent.com/list-5923616-effects-cars-economy.html
16.Harrington W., McConnell V. Motor Vehicles and the Environment. Washington, DC: Resources for the future. Available at: http://www.doc88.com/p-9959965986063.html
17.Haq G., Weiss M. (2016). CO2 labelling of passenger cars in Europe: Status, challenges, and future prospects // Energy Policy. – 2016. – № 95(C) – P. 324-335.
18.Hekkert M., Hoed R.Competing technologies and the struggle towards a new dominant design: the emergence of the hybrid vehicle at the expense of the fuel cell vehicle // Greener Management International. – 2006. – № 47 – P.29-43.
19.IEA. World energy outlook.Paris: International Energy Agency, 2009.
20.Iguchi M. Divergence and Convergence of Automobile Fuel Economy Regulations: A Comparative Analysis of EU, Japan and the US. Cham, Switzerland: Springer International Publishing, 2015. – 162 р.
21.Jung J., Koo Y. Analysing the Effects of Car Sharing Services on the Reduction of Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions // Sustainability. – 2018. – № 10(2) – P.539.
22.Min J., Azevedo I.L., Michalek J., Bruin W.B. Labeling energy cost on light bulbs lowers implicit discount rates // Ecological Economics. – 2014. – № 97– P.42-50.
23.Nieuwenhuis P., Wells P. The Death of Motoring? Car Making and Automobility in the 21st Century. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1997. – 257 р.
24.Nieuwenhuis P., Vergragt P. J., Wells P. Technological change and regulation in the car industry // Greener Management International. – 2004(Autumn) – P.5–11.
25.Noblet C.L., Teisl M.F., Rubin J. Factors affecting consumer assessment of eco-labeled vehicles // Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment. – 2006. – № 11(6) – P.421-431.
26.OECD (2003). CO2 Emissions from Fuel Combustion 1971–2002. Paris: OECD. Available at: http://www.doc88.com/p-95127009930.html
27.Papatheodorou Y. The Automotive Industry: Economic Impact And Location Issues. Available at:
https://www.industryweek.com/global-economy/automotive-industry-economic-impact-and-location-issues 
28.Sperling D., Cannon J.S. Reducing Climate Impacts in the Transportation Sector. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2009. — 229 p. 
29.Waechter S., Sütterlin, B., Siegrist M.The misleading effect of energy efficiency information on perceived energy friendliness of electric goods // Journal of Cleaner Production. – 2015. – № 93(15) – P. 193-202.
30.Whitmarsh L., Köhler J. Climate change and cars in the EU: the roles of auto firms, consumers, and policy in responding to global environmental change // Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society – 2010. – № 3(3) – P. 427-441.
31.Workman D. Car Exports by Country. Available at:
http://www.worldstopexports.com/car-exports-country/