Main Article Content
Analysis of methods of creation and use of water-fuel emulsions (WFE) showed their relevance in order to save fuel, but mainly for environmental purposes. The main objective of the study is to develop a method for producing a highly stable WFE from diesel fuel with a high water content. The method is based on the use of the following operations: the introduction and mixing of complex hydrophobic emulsifiers in diesel fuel (DF); the introduction and mixing of a complex of hydrophilic emulsifiers in distilled water; mixing of both compositions and their mechano-chemical treatment by pumping 5 min in a combined static mixer-activator (activator) according to the RF patent No. 2411074 in the flow rate mode of 10 cm/s.
According to the results of long-term studies, more than an annual stability of WFE, which contains 65% diesel fuel, 33% water and 2% complex emulsifiers, was obtained. The proportion of light hydrocarbons in the WFE to С15Н32 more than in activated and significantly more than in not activated DF. And the proportion of heavy hydrocarbons in the WFE, since С16Н34, significantly less than in not activated and activated DF Euros. Re-inspection of WFE showed the immutability of its properties. A comparison of the spectrograms of the water and WFE showed the absence of water in the WFE. Modification of diesel fuel and WFE itself is explained by mechanical chemistry in the activator. And it continued when storing fuels and WFE has no adequate explanation. It is possible, that this is caused by active radicals formed in the activator. The predominance of the lungs and lower content of heavy hydrocarbons in diesel fuel and WFE after their mechano-chemistry in the activator, its irreversibility, the extension of storage of fuels and WFE are extraordinary, demonstrates the high efficiency of the activator and uniqueness of the received WFE. Chemical and chromatographic analyses of WFE showed its compliance with technical regulations for motor fuels. It reduces diesel fuel consumption by 9%, costs 25 rubles per liter.
Zavgorodny B.V. // www.energy-saving-technology.com; www.energy-saving-technology.com/page-ru/ship/vmeshingf2.html. [in Russian]
Serebryakov R.A. Kompozizhionnoe toplivo [Composite fuel] / R.A. Serebryakov, A.P. Stepanov, A.A. Stekhin // Moscow, Proceedings of the 7-th International scientific and technical conference at the Institute of VIESH 18-19.05.2010, part 1, Problems of energy supply and energy saving, pp. 317-323. [in Russian].
Chizhikov A.G. Prigotovlenie ekologichnix kotelnix biotopliv [Manufacturing ecological boilers biofuels] / A.G. Chizhikov, Yu.A. Kozhevnikov, O.E Aladinsky // International scientific journal «Alternative energy and ecology», 2013, № 3 (121), pp. 96-101. [in Russian].
Sister V.G. Modulniy texnologicheskiy complex dly prigotovleniay kotelnogo kompozisionnogo topliva [Modular technological complex for the preparation of boiler composite biofuel] / V.G. Sister, E.M. Ivannikova, Yu.A. Kozhevnikov, V.G. Chirkov // International scientific journal «Alternative energy and ecology», 2013, № 5-2 (126), pp. 59-64. [in Russian]
Vorobiev Yu.V. Beloe toplivo dly dvigately [White fuel for the engine] / Yu.V. Vorobiev, S.A. Nagornov, E.J. Levina, M.Y. Levin // Science in Central Russia, 2015, № 4 (16), pp. 76-86. [in Russian]
Site: www.ukrbudmash.com.ua. [in Russian]
Vorobiev Yu.V. Vodo-toplivnay emulsify [Water-fuel emulsion] / Yu.V. Vorobi-ev, V.B. Teterukov // RF patent for the invention № 2365618. [in Russian]
Vorobiev Yu.V. Toplivo-vodnay emulsify [Fuel-water emulsion] / Yu.V. Vorobi-ev, V.B. Teterukov // Russian patent № 2367683. [in Russian]
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.