Main Article Content

Naila Orujova


It were studied the enzymatic activity, the microbial population and the intensity of nitrification, ammonification, CO2 emission and cellulose decomposition in gray-brown, meadow-sierozemic, alluvial meadow-forest and yellow-gley (zheltozem) soils in the subtropical zone of Azerbaijan under vegetable cultures in crop rotation and permanent crops. On this basis, the biological diagnostics of these soils were suggested and the soil ecological health was evaluated. It was shown that properly chosen crop rotation systems on irrigated lands make it possible to preserve the fertility of the meadow-forest alluvial and zheltozem-gley soils and to improve the fertility of the gray-brown and meadow-sierozemic soils.

Article Details

How to Cite
ORUJOVA, Naila. ASSESSMENT OF THE BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITY OF SOILS UNDER VEGETABLE CULTURES OF SUBTROPICAL ZONE OF AZERBAIJAN. Journal of Agriculture and Environment, [S.l.], n. 1 (9), apr. 2019. ISSN 2564-890X. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 03 aug. 2020. doi:
Natural resources
Babaev, М. P. Оroshaemie pochvi Kura-Araksinckoy nizmennosti i ix proizvoditelnaya sposobnost [Irrigated soils of the Kura-Araks lowland and their productive capacity]. - Bакu: Izd. Elm, 1984, - 172 p. [in Russian]
Belousov, М. А. Меtоdi mikrobioloqicheskix issledоvаniy i оprеdеlеniya mikroelementov [Methods of microbiological research and determination of micronutrients]. - Таshkеnt, 1973, - 120 p. [in Russian]
Belousov, А. А. Dinаmikа biоpаrаmеtrоv pоchv ellyuvialnoqo ryada i ochenka stepeni ix ustoychivosti [The dynamics of soil bioparameters of the elluvial series and the assessment of the degree of their stability] / А. А. Belousov, Е. N. Belousovа // Маtеrаli mеjd. nаuch. коnf. Rоstоv-nа-Dоnu. 2006. - P. 53-55. [in Russian]
Bioloqiya pоchv Rossii [Soil biology of Russia] / К. Sh. Каzееv i dr.: pоd rеd К. Sh. Каzееva. - Rоstоv-nа-Dоnu: Izd ChVVR. 2004. - 350 p. [in Russian]
Кuzyakov, Ya.V. Izotopno-indikatornie issledovaniya translokachii uqleroda rasteniyami iz аtmоsfеri v pоchvu (оbzоr litеrаturi) [Isotopic-indicator studies of the translocation of carbon by plants from the atmosphere to the soil] // Pоchvоvеdеniе. 2001. - № 1. - P. 36-51 [in Russian]
Каsumоvа, Q.S. Оsnоvi miкrоbiоlоqii i virusoloqii [Basics of Microbiology and Virology]. - Bаku: Izd. Мааrif. 1985. - 320 p. [in Russian]
Кuprеvich, V. F. Pоchvennаya enzimоlоqiya [Soil enzymology] / V. F. Кuprеvich, Т. А. Sherbakovа. - Мinsk: Izd. Nаukа i tехnikа. 1966. - 275 p. [in Russian]
Lоpеs dе Qеrеnyu, V.О. Теmpеrаturniy kоntrоl skоrоsti rаzlоjeniya оrqаnichеskоqо vеshеstvа v pоchvаx razlichnоqо zеmlеpоlzovаniya [Temperature control of the decomposition rate of organic matter in soils of different land use] / V. О. Lоpеs dе Qеrеnyu, I. N. Кurqаnоvа, L. N. Rоzаnоvа // Маtеriаli IV syezdа Dоkuchаеvskоqо оbshеstvа pоchvоvеdоv [Materials of the IV congress of the Dokuchaevsky society of soil scientists]. Nоvоsibirsk. 2004. - 1. - P. 360 [in Russian]
Lubninа, Е. V. Vliyanie tехnоqеnnоqо zаqryaznеniya pochv nа emissiyu СО2 i аktivnоst мikrоbnоqо kоmplекsа в аqrоsistеmах Pribаykаlya [The influence of technogenic pollution of soils on CO2 emissions and the activity of the microbial complex in the agricultural systems of the Baikal region] / Е. V. Lubninа, L. V. Pоmаzkinа // Теz. dоkl. III syезdа Dоkuchаеvskоqо Оbchеstvа Pоchvоvеdоv [Report of the III Congress of Dokuchaevsky Society of Soil Scientists]. Suzdаl. - М. 2000. - 1. - P. 165-166 [in Russian]
Luкin, S. М. Emissionnie pоtеri uqlеrоdа iz dеrnоvо-pоdzоlistоy supеschаnоy pоchvi [Carbon emission from sod-podzolic sandy loam soil] / S. М. Lukin, N. А. Shilоvа // Теz. dокl. III syезdа Dоkuchаеvskоqо Оbchеstvа Pоchvоvеdоv [Report of the III Congress of Dokuchaevsky Society of Soil Scientists]. Suzdаl. - М. 2000. - 1. - P. 166-167 [in Russian]
Хаziev, F.Х. Metody pochvennoj ehnzimologii [Methods of soil enzymology]. - М.: Izd. Nаuка. – 2005. – 252 p. [in Russian]
Bouma, T. Estimating Respiration of Roots in Soil: Interactions with Soil CO2, Soil Temperature and Soil Water Content / T. Bouma, K. Nielsen, D. Eissenst et al. // Plant Soil. 1997. – No 195. P. 221–232.
Dick, P. Soil Enzyme Activities as Process-Level Biological Indexes of Soil Quality // Amer. Soc. Agron. Annu. Meeting (Minneapolis). 1992. - p. 253.
Deng, S. P. Cellulase activity of soils / S. P. Deng, M. A. Tabatabai // Soil Biol Biochem. 1994. – 26. P. 1347–1354.
Kiss, S. Soil Polysaccharidases: Activity and Agricultural Importance in Soil Enzymes // S. Kiss, M. Dragan-Bularda, D. Radujescu // London: Acad. Press. 1978. - P. 117–147.
Li, Y. Rhizosphere effect and root growth of two maize (Zea mays L.) genotypes with contrasting P efficiency at low P availability / M. Guohua, C. Fanjun, Z. Jianhua, Z. Fusuo // Plant Sci. 2004. - No167. - P. 217–223.
Madhunita, B. Soil Enzymology: Soil Biology. Volume 22 / B. Madhunita, A. Varma // Chapter 1. Soil Enzyme: The State-of-Art. 2011. - P. 19-41.
Martinez, C.E. Decomposition of biotechnology byproducts in soils / C.E. Martinez, M.A. Tabatabai // J. Environ Qual. 1997. – No 26. - P. 625–632.
Microbial and enzymatic degradation of wood and wood components Biodegration of cellulose / K. E. L. Eriksson, R. A. Blanchette, P. Ander: by K.E.L. Eriksson. - New York: Springer. 1990. P. 89–180.
Ndakidemi, P. A. Manipulating legume/cereal mixtures to optimize the above and below ground interactions in the traditional African cropping systems / P. A. Ndakidemi // Afr J Biotechnol. 2006. – No 5. P. 2526–2533.
Ndiaye, E. L. Integrative biological indicators for detecting change in soil quality / E. L. Ndiaye, J.M. Sandeno, D. McGrath, R.P. Dick // Am J Altern Agric. 2000. - No 15. - P. 26–36.
Nitrate  Methods in soil biology / E. Kandeler: by eds F. Schinner, R. Ohlinger, E. Kandeler, R. Margesin. Berlin: Springer. 1996. – P. 408–410.
Orujova, N. H. Microbiological Characteristcs of Different Types of Irrigated Soils in the Subtropical Zone of Azerbaijan // Eurasian Soil Science. 2011, - Vol. 44, - No. 11, - P. 1241-1249.
Orujova, N. H. Change of the microorganisms quantity in irrigative gleyey-yellow under vegetable soils // American Journal of Plant Sciences. 2012, - №3, - P. 1746-1751.
Orujova, N. H. Biomorfogenetic Diagnostics of the Irrigative Soils Suitable for Vegetable in the Azerbaijan Subtropic Zone / N. H. Orujova, M. P. Babayev. - New York, San Francisco, California 94105, USA. 2014. - 310 p. URL:
Orujova, N. H. Dynamics of Microbial Population in the Irrigative Grey-Brown and Grey-Meadow Soils under Vegetable Cultures of Dry Subtropical Zone / N. H. Orujova, M. P. Babayev, G. F. Asgerova // American Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 2015, 7 (6): 359-372. URL:
Palta, J. Droght affects the fluxes of carbon to roots and soil in 13C pulse-labelled plants of wheat / J. Palta, P. Gregory // Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 1997, - V. 29, - P. 1395-1403.
Raich, J. The Global Carbon Dioxide Flux in Soil Respiration and Its Relationship to Vegetation and Climate / J. Raich, W. Schlesinger // Tellus. 1992. – 44. – P. 81–99.
Soil enzymes Soil phosphatase and sulphatase / T. W. Speir, D. J. Ross : by ed R. G. Burns. London: Academic UK. 1978. – P. 197–250.
Soil enzymes Enzyme activity in soil: some theoretical and practical considerations / R. G. Burns: by ed R.G. Bums. London: Academic. 1978. - P. 295–340.
Tabatabai, M. A. Microbiological and biochemical properties // Soil Science Society America, Madison, WI. 1994. – P. 775–833.
The enzymes, 2nd edn.  Phosphate ester cleavage (Survey) /  G. Schmidt, M. Laskowski / P. D. Boyer, H. Lardy, K. Myrback // New York: Academic. 1961. – P. 3–35.
Wright, A. L. Phosphorus loading effects on extracellular enzyme activity in Everglades wetland soil / A. L. Wright, K. R. Reddy // Soil Sci Soc Am J. 2001. - No 65. - P. 588–595.
Yadav, R. S. Influence of organic and inorganic phosphorous supply on the maximum secretion of acid phosphatase by plants / R. S. Yadav, J. C. Tarafdar. Biol Fertil Soils. 2001. No 34. – P. 140–143.
Yang, Z. Effects of cadium, zinc and lead on soil enzyme activities / Z.Yang, S. Liu, D. Zheng, S. Feng // J Environ Sci. 2006. No 18. – P. 1135–1141.
Zantua, M.I. Stability of urease in soils / M. I. Zantua, J. M. Bremner // Soil Biol Biochem. 1977. –No 9. – P. 135–140.